As many as 1 in 6 couples in New Zealand have difficulty falling pregnant. Some causes of infertility in men are issues with sperm quantity and quality. Causes of infertility in women include problems with ovulation, endometriosis, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), tubal blockage, and issues with egg numbers or quality.

What to do

The most important aspect with regards to couples falling pregnant include starting to try at a reasonable age, and seeking help if pregnancy has not occurred.

For women aged 36 and above we recommend seeking help after 6 months of trying, and for women aged 35 and below after 12 months of trying.

If you are concerned about your fertility you should seek assistance, whether male, female or as a couple.


Options depend on the cause of infertility established. Many couples will have a single issues, but a number of contributing factors. Treatment options include ovulation induction (using Letrozole or Clomiphene), surgery, insemination, and in-vitro fertilisation (IVF).

How we can help

If you are experiencing infertility and would like to talk to us about how we can help, please feel free to contact us. You can also request an appointment online.

Further reading

Further information



Endometriosis is a common disorder that affects many women in New Zealand. It occurs when endometrial tissue, which should only be found in the uterus, also grows outside the uterus, such as on ovaries or the bowel. This can be very painful and is why women with endometriosis usually have pain around the same time as their period. Find out more

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS is a very common disorder in women. Symptoms vary, and can include irregular or absent periods, excess hair, weight gain or difficulty falling pregnant. Find out more


Endometriosis resection

This entails keyhole surgery, where a camera is placed through the bellybutton to view the pelvis. The abdomen and pelvis are carefully explored, and abnormal tissue removed. Cysts may also be removed from the ovaries. Find out more

Treatment for PCOS

Treatment of PCOS depends on what symptoms are causing problems. Women with PCOS may need treatment for issues such as sub fertility, diabetes and heart disease.