As many as 1 in 6 couples in New Zealand have difficulty falling pregnant. Some causes of infertility in men are issues with sperm quantity and quality. Causes of infertility in women include problems with ovulation, endometriosis, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), tubal blockage, and issues with egg numbers or quality.
What to do
The most important aspect with regards to couples falling pregnant include starting to try at a reasonable age, and seeking help if pregnancy has not occurred.
For women aged 36 and above we recommend seeking help after 6 months of trying, and for women aged 35 and below after 12 months of trying.
If you are concerned about your fertility you should seek assistance, whether male, female or as a couple.
Options depend on the cause of infertility established. Many couples will have a single issues, but a number of contributing factors. Treatment options include ovulation induction (using Letrozole or Clomiphene), surgery, insemination, and in-vitro fertilisation (IVF).