What is an ectropion?

An ectropion is when the inside of the cervix (endocervix), the part along the cervical canal, becomes everted on to the outside of the cervix. This is the area of the cervix exposed within the vagina.


The endocervix is more fragile, and can bleed with contact, such as from penetrative intercourse (bleeding after sex).


Ectropion is common, and treatment is generally not required. When bleeding is persistent and troubling, women may consider ablative treatment such as cautery (electrosurgery). Colposcopy may also be used to diagnose and treat this area.

How we can help

If you think you may have an ectropion and would like to talk to us about how we can help, please feel free to contact us. You can also request an appointment online.

Further reading

Further information


Bleeding after sex

Post-coital bleeding usually occurs within 24 hours of intercourse. In most cases it is nothing to worry about, but should be investigated if persistent or if you are concerned. Common causes are cervical polyps and cervical ectropion. An uncommon cause is cervical cancer. Find out more

Bleeding between periods

This is quite common, and if you experience just a single episode you need not be overly concerned. Common causes are oral contraceptives and other hormonal therapies. Persistent bleeding may be caused by genital tract infections, polyps within the uterus or cervix, or possibly cervical cancer. Find out more

Break-through bleeding

This is spotting or bleeding that occurs between periods while on hormonal contraception, or whilst pregnant. It is more common when you've missed a pill, or have vomiting or diarrhoea. It is relatively common in the first six months after a mirena is placed, or with a copper IUD. Other causes include genital tract infections, cervical ectropion, or as part of early pregnancy. Find out more